Tom, C4 incomplete SCI

Tom has a C4 incomplete spinal cord injury. When he first began exercising he had a hard time standing on his own.

After approximately a year of exercising in the Community Fitness and Wellness program at Frazier Rehab Institute in Louisville, Ky, he was able to stand without assistance. Note, in the video below, that he is standing against resistance–there are elastic bands around his shoulders and connected to dumb bells.

Raymond, stroke

Raymond had a stroke in 2015. He uses functional electrical stimulation on his affected arm and leg to do upper-extremity and lower-extremity cycling. The stimulation activates the muscles to contract in the proper sequence for cycling. Also, with adaptive tools, such as a glove and a leg stabilizer, he gets cardiovascular exercise on a nustep recumbent stepper

Liz, T7 spinal cord injury

Liz is a T7 paraplegic. She suffered a spinal cord stroke in 2006. Once she was discharged from outpatient therapy, she realized that she needed to commit to engaging in therapeutic exercise in order to maintain what she gained in outpatient therapy, and to ward off risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease and diabetes.